Dental conditions and disorders
Tooth erosion is the wearing away of tooth enamel by acid. The enamel is the hard calcified tissue that covers and protects the outside of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in our bodies. The saliva in our mouth contains calcium which helps to strengthen and remineralize the teeth, however, remineralization can not occur when a great deal of acid is present. The high amount of acids in the food and drink that you consume can cause tooth erosion. Soft drinks and pure fruit juices contain a high amount of acid. Tooth erosion can also be caused by medical factors such as a decrease in saliva, acid reflux disease, certain gastrointestinal conditions and the eating disorder bulimia.
Early Symptoms of Tooth Erosion:
Discoloration - Since the dentin of the tooth is exposed during tooth erosion, discoloration or yellowing of the teeth can occur. The more dentin that is exposed, the more yellow the teeth will become.
Tooth Sensitivity - Sensitive teeth are very common symptoms of tooth erosion because the enamel that protects the teeth wears away, leaving exposed dentin.
Rounded Teeth - During the early stages of tooth erosion, it is common for teeth to have a rounded look.
Prevention of tooth erosion - Tooth erosion can cause mild dental problems, from tooth discoloration to sensitivity to more severe dental problems, such as indentions in the teeth, severe tooth sensitivity, and even cracked teeth. Tooth erosion can do severe damage to your teeth, however you can are recommended to undertake the following precautions to prevent tooth erosion.
After eating or drinking acidic foods or beverages, rinse your mouth with water so that the acid will be neutralized.
Wait at least an hour before brushing your teeth after Consuming acidic foods or beverages to allow the teeth to remineralize after the acid exposure.
3.Cut back on carbonated drinks and try replacing them with water, milk or un-sweetened coffee and tea.
Use a straw when drinking carbonated beverages or other sweet drinks, such as natural fruit juices, which are very acidic.
Bad breath is the emission of an irritating odour from a persons mouth.
Causes of bad breath : About 85% of people having a bad breath suffer from any kind of dental disorder which may be:
- gum disease
- poor oral hygiene
- oral cancer
- dry mouth
Prevention from bad breath :
Visit your dentist for regular check ups and cleanings. This is the best way to make sure that you are maintaining good oral hygiene.
Brush your teeth properly at least twice a day to remove plaque.
Floss your teeth daily. Flossing will remove food debris from in between the teeth that a toothbrush can't reach.
Use an anti microbial mouth rinse such as Listerine or Crest Pro-Health. Keep in mind that if a dental problem is the cause of chronic bad breath, a mouth rinse will only mask the odor and not cure it.
If you suffer from dry mouth, talk to your dentist about recommending an over the counter saliva substitute and be sure to drink plenty of water.
Do not smoke or use other tobacco products. Tobacco tends to dry out your mouth and can leave an unpleasant smell.
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