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Gum or Peridontal diseases


A toothache is any pain or soreness within or around a tooth, indicating inflammation and possible infection. Generally a toothache happens if tooth decay penetrated the pulp chamber or is very close to it, which contains the nerves and tiny blood vessels. Ideally for a toothache is to undergo a dental treatment at once.

Symptoms of toothache:

  • an abscess in the gum (lateral periodontal abscess).
  • ulceration of the gums (acute ulcerative gingivitis).
  • ulceration of the soft tissues can sometimes be mistaken for toothache.
  • inflammation of the gum around a tooth which is in the process of growing/breaking through (pericoronitis).
  • inflammation of the sinuses can be mistaken for toothache in the upper jaw.

Prevention of toothache:

The following general tips are effective to prevent a toothache-

  1. It is recommended treating a toothache with frequent saltwater rinses. Salt is an excellent astringent. It draws things out. Use warm not hot water, and rinse as often as you can. You cannot overdose. Be sure not to swallow the saltwater.
  2. The easiest way to alleviate the discomfort of dental hypersensitivity is to stop consuming whatever is causing you problems. If you experience pain when you eat sweets, for example, then do your best to avoid them.
  3. You can try an over-the-counter oral medication to ease a toothache. Acetaminophen or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as ibuprofen might give you relief.
  4. Being physically active is a very good thing. but when you have a toothache, going full steam ahead can actually intensify your pain. When you move around a lot, your heart pumps harder. Since your heart and your jaw are so close to each other, an increase in the pumping action of your heart can heighten the pressure in your tooth and possibly aggravate your discomfort. This does not mean that you should lie in bed. But you might want to limit your activity until you see your dentist.


Tooth decay:

Tooth decay is the process that results in a cavity (dental caries). It occurs when bacteria in your mouth make acids that eat away at a tooth. If not treated, tooth decay can cause infection and tooth loss. In short, tooth decay is a location on a tooth where so much of the tooth's mineral content as been dissolved away that a defect (a hole or a "cavity") has formed.

Symptoms of a tooth decay:

Tooth decay usually does not cause symptoms until you have a cavity or infected tooth. When this occurs, symptoms include:

  • Toothache, which is the most common symptom. An infection or irritation of the tooth pulp usually causes the pain.
  • Bad breath or a foul taste in the mouth.
  • White, grey, brown, or black spots on the teeth.
  • Loose dental fillings.
  • A broken tooth or a tooth that is sensitive to pressure

Prevention of tooth decay:

Brush your teeth properly - The layer of plaque is removed from outside, inside or chewing surfaces of the teeth by proper brushing with a soft-bristle brush. Brushing should be done at least twice a day preferably in the morning and before going to bed with a very small amount of fluoride toothpaste. The tongue and the gum should be brushed to remove bacteria. This freshens your breath. It is recommended by dentists that you change your toothbrush every 3 months for with a new one more plaque is removed than with the older one.

Gargle your teeth - Gargling your teeth with a mouth wash along with water before sleeping can also help in reducing and preventing tooth decay as a mouth wash contains disinfectants that destroy the harmful bacteria that promote tooth decay.

Take care of what you eat - Our teeth needs a proper diet for a better growth and nutrition. The oral health is not only affected by what is eaten but also on when is eaten. Sweets and starchy foods increases the chance of tooth decay, so better avoid eating too much of sweety starchy and sticky food and if you eat them brush your teeth immediately to prevent them from sticking to your teeth for prolonged hours giving chances of tooth decay.

Supplement your teeth with fluoride - Fluoride is essential for strong and healthy teeth. It prevents tooth decay. This mineral can be found in certain toothpaste, mouth rinses, some foods, etc. In fact as phosphorous and calcium are essential for healthy bones in the same way fluoride is necessary for healthy and strong teeth. To a large extent fluorinated water can supplement the need of fluoride . It is wise to check to see if the water supply in your area is fluoridated. However, excess consumption of fluoride can cause mottling of the teeth. However, excess consumption of fluoride can cause mottling of the teeth.

Supplement your teeth with calcium - Calcium is important for oral health and vitamin D is needed to help the body absorb calcium. Low-fat dairy products are an excellent source of calcium but fortified soy beverages, canned salmon/sardines (with bones), almonds, and dark green leafy vegetables are calcium-rich foods as well. Vitamin D is found in milk, fortified soy beverages, margarine, and fatty fish (such as salmon). The body also manufactures it when the skin is exposed to the sun. Phosphorus (found in meat, fish, and eggs) and magnesium (found in whole grains, spinach, and bananas) help to form tooth enamel. Vitamin A helps build strong bones and teeth (good sources of beta carotene—which the body turns into vitamin A—include orange-colored fruits and vegetables²).


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